De Cordova, Richard. “Genre and Performance.” Film Genre Reader II. Ed. Barry Keith Grant. Austin: U of Texas P, 1995. 129-138. Print.

In this text, De Cordova reviews how the Musical holds a prime position in regard to performance. De Cordova refers to the different modes of address used in Musicals and how the dialogue, music, lyrics and dance routines all contribute to the development of the overall narrative. This text was used in order to grasp an understanding of how the elements of the Musical genre contribute to the analysis of screen performance.

Drake, Philip. “Reconceptualizing Screen Performance.” Journal of Film and Video 58 (2006): 84-94. Print.

Drake defines the art of performance and reviews how the development of stardom can influence audience perceptions of an actor. Drake’s discussion of stardom was used to analyse how Johnny Depp constructs his performances in a way that subordinates the star image. Drake also describes the Stanislavskian and Brechtian performance styles, along with James Naramore’s representational and presentational performance styles.

Hollinger, Karen. The Actress: Hollywood Acting and the Female Star. New York: Routledge, 2006. Print.

Hollinger outlines the way screen performance was initially rejected in terms of scholarly analysis. She claims the possible reasons for this rejection could be the complexity involved with developing a methodological way of analysing performance, the overriding social connotations of prestige in theatre performance and also the way that cinematographic elements were seen as a barrier to the actor-audience interaction. This text was relevant to the current analysis to understand the context in which the Hollywood Musical genre developed.

McDonald, Paul. “Why study film acting? Some opening reflections.” More Than a Method: Trends and Traditions in Contemporary Film Performance. Eds. Baron Cynthia et al. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 2004. Print.

McDonald also describes the way screen performance was initially seen as a degraded form of acting. He describes Lev Kuleshov’s study that demonstrated the power of montage. McDonald also describes how John O. Thompson’s commutation test can be used to compare performances. This test was applied to Gene Wilder and Johnny Depp’s differing performances of Willy Wonka.

Neale, Stephen. Genre and Hollywood. London: Routledge, 2000. Print.

Neal’s text was used to define the genre of Hollywood Musicals. He outlines how the Musical developed with the advent of sound technologies and describes the different types of performance used including the Hollywood studio style and the Broadway repertory style. This text was used to understand the social and academic views that were relevant during the time when Singin’ in the Rain was set.

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